Maintaining cabotage when the El Niño Costero (Fen) phenomenon ends is unattractive due to its high costs, due to the lack of infrastructure and adequate logistics, said Juan Carlos Paz, director of water transport at the MTC. The current costs of cabotage are three times higher than in land transport, says Paz. Furthermore, “a maritime transfer from Lima to Trujillo takes an average of five days between crossing and disembarking; the freight (by land) takes two, ”says Francisco D’Angelo, executive VP of Yobel SCM. For Ángel Becerra, director of GC1, the regulations limit competition and the impact of cabotage. “The MTC is working on a bill and on the development of logistics platforms to promote cabotage,” said Paz.
Even so, cabotage could remain an option in future emergencies. “It has been a viable alternative to supply the areas affected by the FEN,” said D’Angelo. In the north, which was cut off from the center of the country due to damage to the Pan-American highway, ports such as Salaverry and Paita had higher flows thanks to the measure (SE 1562). “Until today 1,200 containers have been transported. Before the decree there was a ship for cabotage in Peru; today there are ten ”, said Edgar Patiño, president of the National Port Authority. In fact, its effectiveness led the Executive to extend the cabotage term to 90 days (originally approved for 30 days). (ARB)